Maria Montessori Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maria Tecla Artemesia Montessori (Italian
pronunciation: �[maˈria montesˈsɔri]; August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator
best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. Her educational method is in use today in some public and private schools throughout the world.
1 Life and career
1 . 1 Birth and family
1 . 2 1883–1896: Education
1 . 3 1896–1901: Early career and family
Maria Tecla Artemesia Montessori
August 31, 1870
Chiaravalle, Marche, Italy
May 6, 1952 (aged 81)
Noordwijk, South Holland,
1 . 7 1915–1939: Further development of
1 . 8 1939–1946: Montessori in India
1 . 4 1901–1906: Further studies
1 . 5 1906–1911: Casa dei Bambini and
the spread of Montessori's ideas
1 . 6 1909–1915: International
recognition and growth of Montessori
1 ) 9 1946–1952: The last years
2 Educational philosophy and pedagogy
University of Rome La Sapienza
Occupation Physician and educator
Founder of the Montessori method of
2 . 4 Further development and
Mario Montessori Sr.
Montessori education today
2 . 1 Early influences
2 . 2 Scientific pedagogy
2 . 3 Casa dei Bambini
3 Montessori method
7 External links
Maria Montessori Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Life and career
Birth and family
Montessori was born on August 31, 1870 in Chiaravalle, Italy. Her father, Alessandro Montessori, 33 years old at the time, was an official of the Ministry of Finance working in the local staterun tobacco factory. Her mother, Renilde Stoppani, 25 years old, was well educated for the times and was the greatniece of Italian geologist and paleontologist Antonio Stoppani. While she did not have any particular mentor, she was very close to her mother who readily encouraged her. She also had a loving relationship with her daddy, although he disagreed with her choice to continue her education.
Italian 1000 Lire banknote (approx. 0. 52
The Montessori family moved to Florence in 1873 and then €) representing Maria Montessori.
to Rome in 1875 because of her father's work. Montessori entered a public elementary school at the age of 6 in 1876. Her early school record was " not particularly noteworthy", although she was awarded certificates for good behavior in the 1st grade and for " lavori donneschi", or " women's work", the next year. Secondary school
In 1883 or 1884, at the age of 13, Montessori entered a secondary, technical school, Regia Scuola Tecnica Michelangelo Buonarroti, where she studied Italian, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, accounting, background, geography, and sciences. She graduated in 1886 with good grades and examination results. That year, at the age of 16, she continued at the technical institute Regio Istituto Tecnico Leonardo da Vinci, studying Italian, mathematics, history, geography, geometric and ornate drawing, physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, and two foreign languages. She did well in the sciences and especially in mathematics. She initially intended to pursue the study of engineering upon graduation, an unusual aspiration for a woman in her time and place. However, by the time she graduated in 1890 at the age of 20, with a certificate in physics–mathematics, she had decided to study medicine instead, an even more unlikely pursuit given cultural norms at the time.
University of Rome—Medical school...
Sources: Flaherty, T. " Maria montessori(1870–1952)"
(http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/montessori.html). Women 's Intellectual Contributions to the
Hainstock, Elizabeth (1978). The Essential Montessori. New York: The New American Library.
Kramer, Rita (1976). Maria Montessori. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 60. ISBN 0
Lillard, Angeline (2005). Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius. New York: Oxford
University Press. ISBN 0195168682.
Lillard, Paula Polk (1972). Montessori: A Modern Approach. New York: Schocken Books.
Lillard, Paula Polk (1996). Montessori Today. New York: Schocken Books.
Montessori, Maria (1948). The Discovery of the Child. Madras: Kalkshetra Publications Press.
Montessori, Maria (1949). The Absorbent Mind. Madras: Theosophical Publishing House.
Montessori, Maria (1914). Dr. Montessori 's Own Handbook. New York: Frederick A. Stokes
Montessori, Maria (1912). The Montessori Method. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company.
Montessori, Maria (1936). The Secret of Childhood. New York: Longmans, Green.
Standing, E. M. (1957). Maria Montessori: Her Life and Work. New York: Plume. ISBN 0452
Trabalzini, Paola (Spring 2011). " Maria Montessori Through the Seasons of the Method". The
NAMTA Journal 36 (2).
Photos of Maria Montessori (1913–1951) (http://montessoricentenary.org/photos/index.html)
Works by Maria Montessori (http://www.gutenberg.org/author/Montessori,+Maria) at Project
1952%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Maria%20Montessori%22%29) at Internet Archive
Works by Maria Montessori (http://librivox.org/author/2454) at LibriVox (public domain
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